MODULE 1: General Information on Active Mobility Devices in Singapore

Learning Outcomes: 

1. Identify four active mobility devices. 

Quick answer (pick any 4):  

a. E-scooters (Motorized PMDs/Personal Mobility Devices) 

b. Hoverboards (Motorized PMDs/Personal Mobility Devices)

c. Kick-scooters (Non-motorized PMDs/Personal Mobility Devices) 

d. Skateboards (Non-motorized PMDs/Personal Mobility Devices) 

e. Pedal bicycles (Bicycles) 

f. Power Assisted Bicycles (PABs) 

g. Mobility scooters (PMAs/Personal Mobility Aids) 

h. Motorized wheelchairs (PMAs/Personal Mobility Aids) 2


2. List the types of paths where each device can be ridden. 

Quick answer: 

a. Motorized PMD- Cycling Path 

b. Non-motorized PMD- Cycling Path, Footpath 

c. Bicycle- Cycling Path, Footpath, Road 

d. PAB- Cycling Path, Road 

e. PMA- Cycling Path, Footpath 


3. List at least five guidelines for riding on public paths.

Quick answer (pick any 5): 

a. Always give way to pedestrians 

b. Reduce your speed when you see other people around. 

c. Reduce your speed when you are in proximity of bus stops and/or public path intersections. 

d. Dismount in crowded areas, and push your device along public paths. 

e. Alert others before you overtake them. 

f. Stay on the left side of paths unless you plan to overtake someone. 

g. Always maintain a safe distance from others occupying the same pathespecially when you are overtaking, to avoid accidents. 

h. Do not allow your lights to shine directly into other path users eyes. 

i. Ensure both your hands are on the handlebars at all times 

j. Always signal your intention to change course or make a turn beforehand, giving others adequate time to react. 

k. Utilize cycling paths and bicycle crossings when possible 

l. Station your device at designated parking places such as bicycle racks or yellow boxes. 


4. List at least five guidelines for riding on roads

Quick answer (pick any 5): 

a. Always keep as close as possible to the left edge of roads, and allow traffic to overtake you safely. Travel in a straight coursedo not attempt to ride through the narrow space between vehicles and avoid changing your direction of travel suddenly 

b. Pay attention and adhere to traffic signals, ensure you are traveling in tandem with the flow of traffic. 

c. Utilize cycling paths and bicycle crossings when possible.  

d. Maintain a safe distance from other moving vehicles and remain aware of traffic conditions. 

e. Do not try to ride within the narrow space between a kerb and a bus, or between any other vehicle that may be turning and the kerb. 

f. Reduce your speed and keep an eye out for other road users when approaching bends, junctions, bus stops and pedestrian crossings or when riding past a stationary vehicle 

g. If an area is too steep, dismount and push your device. Keep your speed in check when riding downhill. 


Below is an informative excerpt from the PAB test handbook: 


As you can see, not every page is a wall of text, so we highly encourage you to read through the official handbook to get a clearer understanding of what it is trying to convey. 

This has turned out to be quite a lengthy post- we will stop here for today, stay tuned for updates on the remaining modules! :)