MODULE 2: Pre-Journey and Equipment Check for PAB Riders

Welcome back, everyone!

Since our last update, Singapore has entered Phase 2 (Heightened Alert); some have been suspended from their jobs until further notice, while others are experiencing even greater difficulty job-hunting. Amidst a resurgence in community cases, many are turning to food delivery as a part-time/side gig. Dining-in is banned at all food and beverage outlets till Jun 13 (and possibly beyond that, depending on the trend of community cases in the next couple weeks). Naturally, some of you may be considering signing up as a food delivery rider to get in on the action- this is therefore a great opportunity for you to get acquainted with the new regulations that will govern the usage of active mobility devices in Singapore. 

First, let us answer a few questions that were previously left unanswered from our initial blog post. 


Will the theory test be in English? 

Dr Amy Khor, The Senior Minister of State for Transport, announced on May 11 that the theory test for power-assisted bicycle riders will be available in Singapore’s four official languages. The English version of the test handbook is available here, while the Chinese, Tamil and Malay test handbooks will be released at a later date. 


How much will the test cost? 

The test will cost $5 (total) for two attempts if you register within the first three months of it becoming available. This means that those who fail their first attempt can try a second time for free. 

After the three months’ grace period, each attempt will cost $10. 


How many times can I take the test? 

At the moment, there is no information on how many attempts each person is allowed. 

But worry not, we at Jimove are here to accompany you as you navigate uncharted waters in these uncertain times. Take some time to read through our blog posts and you will have a better idea of what the test will be about. 

Now let us begin the rundown of Module 2 of the PAB test handbook! 😊 


MODULE 2: Pre-Journey and Equipment Check for PAB Riders 

Learning Outcomes: 

  1. List the PAB device criteria
  • Maximum unladen* weight of 20kg. (For blue seal PABs, this only applies on public paths) 

*Unladen weight refers to the device’s weight before any additional loads, but includes attached accessories (e.g. a water bottle holder counts towards the unladen weight, but a water bottle does not). 

  • Maximum width of 70cm 
  • No start-up assistance features or throttles. 
  • Motor must only start when rider begins pedaling. 
  • Motor must cut off when rider stops pedaling. 
  • Motor must not provide further power assistance upon reaching speeds of 25 km/h, or the original cutoff speed, whichever is lower. 
  • Blue seal PABs: Motor’s maximum power output must not exceed 200 watts.  
  • Orange seal PABs: Motor’s maximum continuous rated power must not exceed 250 watts. 
  • From 1 Jul 2021 onwards, orange seal PABs must comply with EN15194 standards. 
  • Must only be used with its original battery. Battery specifications here. 
  • No tampering or modifying electrical/mechanical components, e.g.: 
    • Battery 
    • Electric cable/wiring 
    • Motor 
    • Handlebar, frame, suspension 
    • Saddle, seatpost 
  • Must be affixed with blue or orange LTA seal with serial number. Do not remove or tamper with the seal. 
  • Registration number plate must be affixed to the rear and clearly visible. 


  1. Explain the safety reasons for the device criteria. 
  • Why must the maximum unladen weight of the ebike be 20kg? 
    • To reduce the risk of serious injuries in the event of collision. 
  • Why is the maximum width of an ebike 70cm? 
    • To allow devices to cross each other safely on public paths. 


  1. List at least 4 guidelines in preventing device fires

Pick any 4: 

  • Charge on hard, open, flat surfaces, away from flammable objects. 
  • Charge in a cool room, away from heat. 
  • Do not cover device/battery with fabric while charging, battery may overheat. 
  • Avoid overcharging, battery may overheat. 
  • Avoid charging device immediately after use as battery may still be hot. 
  • Avoid charging wet battery, in case of short circuits. 
  • Check batteries for corrosion and powdery substances regularly. 
  • Store batteries at room temperature. 
  • Do not modify/tamper with electrical components. 
  • Only use power adaptors recommended by manufacturers, which have a ‘Safety Mark’. 


  1. Describe at least 3 pre-ride checks on a PAB
  • Check PAB is in good working condition 
    • Squeeze brake levers to check if they are working 
    • Ensure wheels are properly inflated and not torn 
    • Check all latches are locked for foldable devices 
    • Ensure seat is at a suitable height- both feet must be able to touch the ground. 
    • Adjust seat angle according to comfort 
  • Manage your loads 
    • Secure loads and accessories properly 
    • Ensure view is not blocked, lights are not blocked, and that steering is normal. 
    • Pillion riding is not allowed on orange seal PABs. 
    • On blue seal PABs, only carry passengers if they do not block your view. 
  • Check on your lights 
    • Front white light, rear red light 
    • Lights must be on from 7pm-7am 
    • Lights should not be too bright or aimed directly at other people’s faces 
    • Do not add lights that use the device’s battery- this type of modification is illegal. 


  1. Be able to plan your journey using a PAB.
  • Moving on Cycling Paths and Roads 
    • PABs are not allowed on footpaths. If the route includes footpaths, PAB riders must dismount and push their device or move to the road. 
    • PABs are not allowed on expressways or in tunnels. 
    • Plan your route before riding on roads or cycling paths. You may use the MyTransport.SG mobile app to do so. 
    • Avoid roads with fast-moving vehicles. 
  • Bringing PABs on Public Transport 
    • PABs can be brought aboard public buses and trains if they are within the specified dimensions (120cm by 70cm by 40cm) 
    • Keep foldable devices folded to avoid endangering others or damaging property 
    • Keep your PAB switched off aboard public transport 
    • PABs cannot be brought on the staircase or onto the upper deck of double decker buses. 
    • Do not ride your device in train stations or bus interchanges, or on board public transport. Dismount and push. 
    • Do not block aisles and doors. Move to less crowded areas.